Which electric vehicles lose the least range in winter?

Which electric vehicles lose the least range in winter?

Battery degradation and loss of range in cold weather are two elements that worry a good number of potential buyers of electric vehicles. Driving and charging habits are not at all the same as in summer.

Obviously, not all models are created equal. Some are more resistant than others to temperature drops. For example, they are equipped with a heat pump and an efficient battery management system so that they can travel long distances in winter while keeping the occupants warm.

Which electric vehicles lose the least range in winter?

A new study by Recurrent delves deeper into the question by comparing 13 popular electric vehicle models from recent years. To do this, the battery analysis firm used data from some 7,000 vehicles in the United States, then analyzed their range in winter between 20 and 30 degrees Fahrenheit (-6 to -1 degrees Celsius) as well as in summer at a temperature of 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 degrees Celsius) compared to their official autonomy calculated by the EPA.

Recurrent warns that some of the figures do not quite represent the true reality and intends to take its investigation further, but the table below still gives a good idea.

Which electric vehicles lose the least range in winter?

Tesla in the lead

The Tesla models, known for their particularly active thermal management systems, dominate the others with a very small drop in autonomy in cold weather. Next come the Jaguar I-PACE and theAudi e-tron,each with a heat pump.

Conversely, the Ford Mustang Mach-E, Chevrolet Volt and Bolt EV as well as BMW i3 all post losses of more than 24%. There is also a good gap in the Hyundai Kona electric and the Volkswagen e-Golf,but in their case, it is explained by their ability to offer more autonomy in summer than what is announced by the EPA.

Which electric vehicles lose the least range in winter?


In order to maintain as much range as possible during the cold season, Recurrent recommends warming up the vehicle remotely (through a mobile app) before you arrive, when it is still plugged in and can draw energy from the grid instead of the battery. For the latter, it is much less demanding to maintain a warm temperature on board than to completely warm up the cabin.

Recurrent also notes that electric vehicles don’t charge as quickly in cold weather, so plan to leave yours plugged in more often and
longer. Last tip: you can reduce the level of regenerative braking to protect the battery when it is still cold and also to enjoy better control on slippery roads.

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